Kapilvastu, also known as modern Piprahwa in the Lumbini Zone of Nepal, is one of the most holy Buddhist centres globally. The capital city of the Shakya clan, and one of the earliest Republics in the world, Kapilvastu witnessed the childhood and early family life of the Buddha in the royal palace. It was at Kapilvastu, the prince saw sorrow, pain, disease and death, the four sights which disturbed Him and He abandoned His life in search of the reality of life, and became the Buddha. Twelve years later after He attained enlightenment, the son of the city came back to His home, but not as a prince but rather as the Buddha, who preached His sermons over here.


Eastern Stupa Complex :
The main archaeological site of Kapilvastu excavated in 1973-74, the Stupa complex is a major source to go back to the Buddhist glorious past. The seals and inscriptions found from this place refers to the golden age of Buddhism owing to the patronage provided by an Indian ruler, Kanishka. One of the inscriptions mentioned on the lid of a pot states: 'Om Deoputra Vihare Kapilvastu Bhikschu Mahasanghasa', which refers Kanishka as 'Deoputra', who built the biggest Vihara at Kapilvastu and renovated the main stupa, which contained bone relics of the Buddha.

The Royal Palace :
The 1973-74 excavations unearthed the ruins of the palace of King Shuddhodhana, the father of Prince Gautam. It was at this place, where the Shakya prince Siddhartha Gautama had spent 29 years of His life before leaving home to become the Buddha.

Sri Lankan Monastery :
There is a small Sri Lankan monastery in Kapilvastu, which has a statue of the Buddha and offers meditation and other Buddhist practices.

Mahinda Mahavihara :
A small monastery which offers the Buddhist practices and a 'math' for the Buddhists, is on the name of prince Mahindra, the son of Indian emperor Ashoka.